Environmental Site Assessments
Phase I Environmental Site Assessment
The purpose of the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment is to gather sufficient information to develop an independent professional opinion about the environmental condition of the property. It is also used to identify actual or potential environmental contamination, which may impact the property value or affect the claim to an "innocent land owner" exemption, following acquisition.
KAM follows the ASTM Standard for Environmental Site Assessments whose major components include:
The initial step in the site assessment process consists of defining the relative level of environmental risk associated with the property based on a "due diligence" evaluation of all potential risk factors.
These factors include current and former site activities, the historical use of the site and surrounding area, the geologic and hydrologic setting of the site, and regionally identified concerns, if any.
KAM Services Environmental's Phase I Scope of Work includes a review of:
Historical street directories
Aerial photographs of the site and surrounding area
Fire insurance maps, if applicable
Interviewing current and previous tenants, owners and personnel familiar with the site (as available).
Reviewing regulatory agency records and available databases
On-site inspection to review present site activities and conditions
Provide an assessment of the potential presence of hazardous substances on the site
The information obtained from the Phase I environmental assessment serves to define whether the need for a Phase II assessment is warranted.
The Phase II assessment may include the installation of exploratory boreholes to determine the possible impact to groundwater, or the performance of a comprehensive asbestos, lead-based paint, or radon survey.
Because all properties do not require the same level of inquiry, KAM offers clients a cost-efficient transaction screen for low-risk properties. A Transaction Screen is often used at times of title transfer to satisfy a lending institution's requirement for appropriate inquiry in lieu of a full Phase I ESA, and is defensible against CERCLA Liability.
Typically, a Transaction Screen includes appropriate inquires into the previous ownership of and a physical investigation of the real property, to determine if an obvious release of hazardous substances or petroleum products is present. This service is comprised of the completion of a three-step process:
Completion of an ASTM questionnaire.
A site inspection.
A regulatory database search and interpretation.
Upon request from the client, KAM can add a prior use report to the transaction screen in order to identify previous uses of the property that may make it a "high risk" for environmental issues thereby creating a greater degree of certainty but still maintaining the cost effectiveness of the Transaction Screen.
Phase II Site Assessments
The information obtained from the Phase I ESA serves to define whether the need for a Phase II ESA is warranted. During a Phase II ESA, samples are collected of various media to confirm the presence and approximate the quantity of the contamination to the subject site. A Phase II ESA may include one or more of the following:
Surface Soil and Water Samples
Subsurface Soil Borings
Groundwater Monitoring (thru the use of well installation, sampling, and analysis)
Container (drum) Sampling
Sampling of Dry Wells, Floor Drains and Catch Basins
Precision Testing of Underground Storage Tanks and Aboveground Storage Tanks
Transformer/Capacitor Sampling and Wipe Tests for PCB's
Geophysical Surveys for Buried Tanks and Drums
Asbestos Inspections/Lead-Based Paint Surveys/Radon Testing
Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) and/or Fiberglass Surveys
Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation (UFFI) Analysis
Phase III Site Remediation
Once an existing hazard has been identified and initially quantified, only extensive site exploration can determine the actual scope of the contamination.
KAM's highly qualified remediation specialists can design and implement a program tailored to the individual needs of the site as well as recommend a financially sound course of action for the client. KAM's staff works with our clients in a team approach during every step of the project to ensure the highest quality service.